PRP is a short form for platelet rich plasma. PRP is obtained from blood after it is centrifuged at high speeds. PRP contains 3 to 5 times more platelets than the blood and has a greater concentration of platelet-derived growth factors and proteins. These enable tissue regeneration and repair.
PRP has been used since the 90s for the treatment of musculoskeletal injuries. The use of PRP in cosmetic procedures has been relatively recent. Though immensely popular there has been a lack of studies which demonstrate the efficacy of PRP in cosmetic treatment in controlled studies. Vampire facelift is a term trademarked by an Alabama plastic surgeon Charles Runels. It involves the injection of PRP for rejuvenation.
How does PRP act?
PRP delivers a high concentration of growth factors at the treated site. This enables repair and regeneration of the tissues with stimulation of collagen formation. This, in turn, leads to an improvement in texture and volume.
What are the indications for PRP in cosmetic treatments?
These include the following:
- Hair loss
- Fine wrinkles and lines
- Improvement of skin texture
- Skin depressions
- Dark under eye circles
- Acne marks
- Nasolabial grooves
How is PRP treatment done?
As in all cosmetic treatments, a consultation helps to assess if you are a right candidate for PRP treatment. PRP treatment is an outpatient procedure. Blood is drawn in volumes ranging from 10 to 30 ml. This blood is then centrifuged at high speeds to enable separation of platelet rich plasma. PRP is then injected with the help of fine needles at sites which need improvement. PRP cosmetic treatment is often repeated at 4 to 6-week intervals.
Are there any contraindications for PRP treatment?
Contraindications for PRP treatment include the following:
- Infection at the treated site.
- Autoimmune conditions.
- Those on anticoagulation treatment.
- Pregnancy and breastfeeding.
What are the side effects of PRP treatment?
PRP treatment is a safe procedure as it utilises one’s own blood. It is associated with temporary bruising and swelling immediately after the procedure. These subside without any specific treatment.
What are the benefits of PRP cosmetic treatment?
PRP makes use of components derived from the individual’s own blood. Thus, there is no risk of allergy or immune reaction or disease transmission. It is an OPD procedure which has very less downtime. The effects of PRP last longer than many of the conventional dermal fillers.